Ujjain is the city of Indian heritage, located in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is one of Hinduism’s seven sacred cities also known as the temple city of India. the name given to it suggests the city is dotted with the number of big and small, old and new temples making it an important religious place in India to visit. It is the fifth-largest city in Madhya Pradesh by population, situated on the banks of the Shipra River, the city dates back to 600 BC and was once the residence of Ashoka. It was also the political and commercial hub of central India and the capital of the ancient Avanti Kingdom. It is described as ‘The town fallen from Heaven to bring Heaven to Earth’. It is a famous Hindu pilgrimage center. But this is not the only reason this city is famous for; the very famous Kumbh Mela is also held here every twelve years, it is the world’s largest gathering. Ujjain has also been picked as one of the hundred Indian cities to be formed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission.
Most of our childhood stories which were once said to be held in time took place here in the city of Ujjain, this is one city that will take you back to your childhood history books.
The ancient city of central India, Ujjain is situated in the Malwa region. The city was first described and brought to focus by Hindu holy book Bhagwat Geeta; as per epic Mahabharata, Ujjayani was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom. According to the History of Ujjain, the town was a major center of mathematical and astronomical study in the 6th and 7th centuries.
All who want to explore the Hindu religion should start there journies from here.
Here, is the list of must-visit places of Ujjain.
1. Kal Bhairav Temple
Kal Bhairav temple was known to be associated with cult tantra of Hinduism and many sadhus with ash-smudged bodies and long matted hair can be spotted around this temple. Inside of this temple, you will find a Shivalinga is enshrined under a banyan tree inside the fringe of the temple opposite Nandi the Bull. According to legends, the bull was given to Shiva and Parvati as a wedding present from King Daksha, the father of Goddess Parvati. The best time to visit this temple is during Shivratri, the temple comes to life and Shivratri is celebrated in massive joyous ways.
2. Vedh Shala
Vedh Shala was built by prodigies in at about the 4th century BC. It is stated that great works on astronomy such as the Surya Siddhanta and the Panch Siddhanta were recorded in Ujjain. The city enjoyed the reputation of being India’s Greenwich. Astronomical studies are conducted through the Department of Education and the ephemeris is published annually. There are a small planetarium and a telescope to observe Moon, Mars, Jupiter and their satellites. The observatory is also used for weather forecasts as well.
3. Kaliadeh Palace
Kaliadeh Palace is a Persian style architecture, constructed as a historical palace, situated at a distance of 8 km from the town on an island in Shipra river. The palace took the brunt of age and a giant portion of the palace dropped. It was then restored by Maharaja Madhav Rao Scindia in 1920.
The palace is set in a very peaceful environment that further adds to the surrounding natural charms.
4. Chintaman Ganesh Temple
Chintaman Ganesh Temple is one of the most visited places in Ujjain. it is situated on the bank of River Shipra on the Fatehabad railway line. The Ganesh idol sanctified here is deemed to be Swayambhu (born of itself). Worshippers throng to this temple because the deity here is traditionally known as Chintaharan Ganesh meaning “the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties”.
5. Ram Ghat
The Harsiddhi Temple in Ujjain is amongst the most popular places it is situated beside Ram Ghat. It is said The ghat serves as the Venues of Kumbh Mela that is held every 12 years and devotees take a dip in the water here and perform their daily rites, most of them come regularly. It is believed that those people who take a holy dip in Ram Mandir Ghat will accomplish the forgiveness and mercy of God. Besides its religious significance, Ram Mandir Ghat is a good place for a comfortable walk especially in the early morning and at sunset, their one can always find scenic views of nature.
6. Rumi ka Makbara
Rumi ka Maqbara is another one of the popular places to see in Ujjain. Known as the tomb of Maulana Rumi, who was a Muslim. The tomb is hexagonal in shape and is said to be at least five to six hundred years old. Some speak of Rumi as a Turkish trader while others take him to be a leader of some army unit. This masterpiece appears to have been constructed in his divine memory.
7. Harsiddhi Temple
Harsiddhi Mata Temple is one of the Shakti peethas which means shrines or divine places of the Mother Goddess. The believers say that Goddess Parvati`s elbow fell here in Ujjain at this temple’s site. The temple has two different pine-shaped iron lampstands that loom to a height of 15 feet. The red temple, an antiquated Hindu structure beyond the lampstands expressing the potency of Durga, is characteristic of the Maratha art of architecture. Yet another unique feature of Harsiddhi temple is the Sri Yantra or nine triangles that serve nine names of Durga.
8. Gomti Kund
Gomti Kund is supposed to be the place where Lord Krishna requested the holy rivers from all the pilgrim centers so that his old Guru can peacefully do all the rituals. Gomti Kund is a steeped water tank, which situated near the Sandipani Ashram. This ashram holds evidence in the Vedas and Puranas and when it was excavated, it announced 3,000 years old painted artifacts marking it as a meaningful place of ancient days. Pieces of excavation show a close similarity to the articles found in Hastinapura, Indraprastha, Mathura, and Kausambi. One among the oldest holy spot, Gomati Kund is the enduring source of water supply to the Ashram.
To sum up, these were just a few on the list. It is a great city of heritage to visit for any Hindu. If you are in the region, spare at least one day for Ujjain as it is worth visiting if you have a religious inclination.